Old Time and Bluegrass Pickin’ and Dancin’

According to legend, in medieval Europe, fiddle music was allowed to be played in the church, but dancing was forbidden. It became obvious that fiddling made the congregation tap their feet. They say that’s the moment the fiddler was expelled from church and the fiddle was named “The Devil’s Box.”  An extra string was added to the three-string fiddle which they called “the devil’s string.” Who knows what truth a legend may hold?

I heard the stories of how Dewitt “Snuffy” Smith was Earl Scruggs’ musical influence growing up in nearby counties in North Carolina. The stuff of legends, Snuffy and Earl shared some old secret knowledge of what sounds good. I know that the best foot-tapping rhythm I ever heard came from Snuffy and his longtime partner, Fiddler Pappy Sherrill, playing music hand-in-glove after all those years together. In a short biography, Pat J. Ahrens tells the story: Snuffy got his start in the entertainment world when he was only 5 years old doing a clog dance for a sawmill group. Snuffy recalled ‘Folks thought I was wormy, I danced so fast.



“Stay all night, stay a little longer… Dance all night, dance a little longer…”



“America’s deep and varied traditional heritage is one of this nation’s greatest treasures.” John Frohnmayer, National Endowment for the Arts

Buck and Wing Dancing and Flatfoot Dancing*** are tradition-based rhythm styles which can be performed without musical instruments using only foot rhythm and hand clapping. Add one or two instruments or a whole band and you will end up with a Hoe-Down or Square Dance, Southern style. In any Southern music gathering sooner or later a buckdancer will jump into the fray. Of the many styles of old time and flatfoot dancing, the style I am most familiar with is the hard driving footwork of Robert Spicer. With silver duct tape wrapped around his palms he used his strong farmer’s hands to clap out the rhythm for the dancers. The results were hypnotic and enticing––not a still foot in the audience.

Robert’s elevation from local personality to nationally-known “Master Practitioner of the Traditional Arts” was due to the efforts of Alabama native Jacky Christian, a classical dancer who hit Nashville with unequaled enthusiasm for buckdancing. Jacky’s dance studies had not included old time country dance until she met Robert. In partnership with him, Jacky became a world-class instructor and taught for many years. She founded the incredibly successful Old Time Music and Dance Foundation, preserving the history of the art while performing, and promoting. Using the Old Time Music and Dance Foundation as a platform, Jacky nominated Robert Spicer for the National Heritage Foundation Award. In 1990 Jacky’s efforts were rewarded when at age 69 Robert was given this highest honor which can be bestowed on a folk performer or artisan by the United States.

“Carmack” keeps time for Jacky Christian

There is no way to measure the impact of the team of Robert Spicer and Jacky Christian. Old Time music and dance would have never gained the prominence, however modest, that it has today. Together they created the most successful traditional dance and teaching partnership in Tennessee’s history.

In an Interview with Jim East, Staff Writer for Nashville’s Tennessean newspaper  Robert said, “My mother took me to nearby Charlotte one day. I seen a black man dancing on the bed of a two-horse wagon. I just stood there eating an ice cream cone and watched how he was doing it and listened to the rhythm he was making. I decided I was gonna learn to do that.”

A Dancer, A Fiddler, A Banjo Player


Flatfoot Dancer Mark Schatz, Fiddler Stuart Duncan, Banjoist Bela Fleck

Not every musician wants to be a dancer. The numbers of musicians whose talents include simultaneous dance steps are few. You can still enjoy the incredible dancing of bassist and old time banjo player Mark Schatz and the landmark dance troupe, The Fiddle Puppets.

Bill Monroe started his career as a square dancer for WLS Barn Dance. With his brothers Charlie and Birch, they booked themselves as The Monroes and mixed dancing into their music performances. They were the official exhibition Square Dance Troupe for the 1933 Chicago World’s Fair.  Since I knew Bill later in his life, after his famous auto accident and his broken leg, I never managed to get a full length picture of Bill dancing. He only did a few steps each time, breaking into a backwards skip, a step he called the “Kentucky Backstep” and it was over before it began. He never failed to please the audience with those few dance moves.


John Hartford was one of the great entertainers of all time, a vaudeville-style performer who could dance, fiddle and sing his self-penned songs all at once. As a dancer, John needed some way to amplify the sound of his feet. First he tried turning a plastic food try over and dancing on that, but it was too small. When dancers get together there is usually a 4×8 plywood board placed on the ground or the stage for sound and ease of movement on the soles of the shoes. But that was not something John could carry around. He finally settled on a 3×3 piece of plywood and brought it to my husband, luthier Marty Lanham, to install a guitar pickup in the plywood which could then be plugged into sound systems.


*From the song Stay All Night

**From the biography A History of the Musical Careers of Dewitt “Snuffy” Jenkins and Homer “Pappy Sherrill,” Fiddler by Pat J. Ahrens

***Proper name for “Buck Dancing” is “Buck and Wing”